عنوان مقاله [English]
This paper compares the experiences of Asian elected countries with regard to the balanced distribution of population and will attempt to demonstrate which spatial demographic paradigms in a more efficient distribution of population have been resulted in better and more effective outcomes. The research method is documentary analysis and has been used in valid government planning documents. In general, four types of planning paradigms were identified with respect to the population – space economy: (a) decentralized governments with a political-economic De-centralization paradigm (Japan); (b) centralized governments with direct intervention paradigm in the management of space populations (China and Indonesia). ). (C) Centralized governments with the economic decentralization paradigm (Iran and South Korea); and (d) the semi-centralized government with the paradigm of priority rural development.
The results show that decentralized governments with a more administrative
political, and economic decentralization approach have obtained more positive results from equal development at the national level and optimal distribution of the population. Studies have shown that lack of coordination between macro, middle and micro sectors, the lack of political will to implement land allocation plans and the lack of monitoring of land allocation programs and the spatial distribution of the population are among the most important obstacles to the failure of optimal population distribution strategies. In countries with a centralized system, planning is the key to success of the programs, creating interagency coordination and continuous monitoring of programs.